Meaning of the Feast of Pentecost in its Old Testament context
Brother Pablo Molina
Leviticus 23:15-25 (ESV)
15 “You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering.
16 You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to the LORD.
17 You shall bring from your dwelling places two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour, and they shall be baked with leaven, as first fruits to the LORD.
18 And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, and one bull from the herd and two rams. They shall be a burnt offering to the LORD, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the LORD.
19 And you shall offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings.
20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first fruits as a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
21 And you shall make a proclamation on the same day. You shall hold a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a statute forever in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.
22 “And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, nor shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the LORD your God.”
23 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
24 “Speak to the people of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of solemn rest, a memorial proclaimed with blast of trumpets, a holy convocation.
25 You shall not do any ordinary work, and you shall present a food offering to the LORD.”
Meaning of the Feast of Pentecost in its Old Testament context.
At the beginning of the harvesting season, barley was brought in as a first fruit of God’s blessing.
Now, in the middle of the summer, the abundant blessing of God is more clear and the offering changes from a sheaf to a loaf. Rather than a token of the harvest, the offering is now the produce of the harvest. gratitude of the worshippers is seen in their recognition that the abundance of the grain harvest has enabled them to eat the bread that sustains them.
Believers today must see beyond the limits of giving the minimum amount of financial resources and recognize that the blessing of God produces abundance in our lives.
Faithful worshippers remember their redemption and are thankful for the Lord’s full provision that allows them to enjoy fellowship with Him (vv. 18–21).
Faithful worshippers trust God for His provision by making provision for the poor and foreigners in their midst (v. 22).
It is exemplified in the magnanimous character of Boaz, who allows Ruth to glean from the corners of his field (Ruth 2:1–23) before he extends the protection to her in marriage. When we truly worship with a grateful heart, our worship extends outside the walls of the church and leads to a generous lifestyle that contributes to the redemption of others.